Reporter: Muthoni Wang'ombe
Recorder: Julie Danh
Class Period: 1st
Central Question: Gender Differences
The group started the discussion with a basic answer of why more women than men are enslaved, and we determined that men can be seen as more aggressive and less likely to be held captive. Women don't often have the ability to fight back, which is why traffickers prey on people who are "weaker". This includes young children, both boys and girls who are being forced to work in poor conditions or being sold off in other countries. We also specified which form of slavery different genders were forced into, with men often doing manual labor and women being used for labor and sex trafficking. When we got to the reason as to why women often found themselves in slavery more, we discussed the necessity for them to provide for their families and that they're often tricked into slavery under the guise of making a lot of money.

Class Period:1st
Central Question:Why are women more desired now than before?
Relate the progression of your group's discussion (not just what you discussed, but how you discussed it and in what order different points were made). Finish by reporting the conclusion(s) that your group came to, if any, and further questions or actions you recommended.

- Our group started the discussion by relating what jobs women had before and the fact that they were really not given a lot of choices on what they could do with their lives. Then we answered a certain question that asked why women were now in demand and what do they have that men don't.
Females are more desired now due to the sexual aspect. Before, women were seen as weak and used for housework. Males aren't as desirable as women and are more used for manual labor. Women are closed off to more job opportunities than men, so they find themselves become open and more vulnerable to human trafficking and are pulled to more corrupt jobs. Human trafficking has no color or race, anyone can be a victim especially younger girls because they are less likely to get pregnant and are more naive and clueless. Overall, women are more needed now not because of their ability to do great things but because of other reasons that should not even be brought up or talked about.

Reporter: Samuel Smith
Recorder: Julianna Lucas
Class Period: 5th
Central question: How has the need for female slaves changed over time?
- Our group started our discussion discussing traditional gender roles in jeffersonian and modern slavery. During the Jeffersonian era slavery was an industry based in part around legacy, as such part of the female gender role was to cultivate families and continue the trade through their children. In modern times slavery has become much less focused on legacy as the cost of obtaining new saves is much smaller than it would have been during the Jeffersonian era, because of this the role of cultivating families has all but disappeared from the modern scene. Our group also discussed the roles of slaves in the United States as opposed to foreign countries mentioning how sex slavery is the most prevalent form in the U.S. while forced labor is more common in mort areas, especially in less developed regions.

Reporter: Sophia Lanasa
Recorder: Katie Spriggs
Class Period: 1
Central Question: How has the need for female slaves changed over time? How have white women become a part of modern slavery?
- Our group began by discussing the biggest need for female slaves in modern slavery. I started off by saying that the desire for sex has changed and become a huge part of modern slavery. I then tied that back to women by referring to my notes that 98% of sex slaves are women. I associated this to the fact that I believe men can't be manipulated as easily as women can, who can also be physically pressured into sex slavery. We then moved on and began to discuss other gender roles. Sydney made a great point that our group agreed with that men mainly do life threatening labor while women do sex and house work. Sydney also said that women were actually beaten as a form of punishment whereas men were mostly threatened to get beaten so much that they were terrified to do anything out of order. Shalom then responded to the question of how white women are more involved in modern slavery by discussing Russian mail order brides to which we all agreed. Katie closed the argument by stating that race has no bounds for female slaves in modern slavery.

Reporter: Amy
Recorder: Olivia
Class Period: 5
Central Question: How has the need for female slaves changed over time? How have white women become a part of modern slavery?
- Our group began with discussion on how for the most part, the sex trade affects mainly women and girls and how prevalent it has become starting from the 19th century. Before that, it didn't really exist as a widespread industry, which may be in part due to traditional gender roles, where the female sex is predominantly enclosed in her household and wouldn't dare to step out of its rigid bounds. While the sex trade does have slight implications on how strict gender roles have somewhat relaxed, it by no means diminishes the exploitation female slaves are forced to endure through. In addition, the sex trade perpetuates the patriarchy by further subjugating females into a largely domestic role and taking away their opportunities to venture into other economic roles. While some women are perfectly content with staying within the domestic sphere, they should at least be given the option of being able to choose another job, especially in developing countries, where opportunities for women are especially limited. These countries usually have a a economy mainly focused on one or a couple industries, whether it be agriculture and/or mining, that require heavy labor, which men are naturally better at handling.Thus, we believe that this kind of national economy should be diversified in order to give women more opportunities so that they wouldn't be forced into something like slavery. That being said, we thought modern slavery was more based on class than race, so it’s inclusive of economically-disadvantaged white women just like any other economically-disadvantaged person. Poorer people are forced into slavery because they need the money. Thus, poverty drives slavery both in the past and present, but slavery has diversified in such a way today that poor females have become especially vulnerable.

Reporter: Lauren
Recorder: Sydney
Class Period: 5
Central Question: Why are women more likely to be enslaved?
-When discussing this question, my group had to take time and consider what was an obvious fact about gender roles, and what wasn't. We were unsure whether or not facts like "women are physically easier to take advantage of" was a universally agreed upon fact, and if it even warranted discussion. Keeping issues like this in mind, we came up with a list of why women are more likely to be enslaved. Women are more submissive in society. Female slaves are more disposable than they were in American slavery. Women are less likely to be given the opportunity to maintain a career, and are therefore more susceptible to deceptive offers. Men have less concern when engaging in sex (women can get pregnant) so men are more likely to seek sex slaves. During the discussion, our group had a conversation relatively unrelated to the central question. We discussed whether or not it would be financially advantageous for pimps to buy birth control and for sex slaves and prostitutes. We concluded that it wouldn't be, because slaves are so cheap today that sex slaves aren't an investment. Therefore, it wouldn't make sense for pimps to put extra money into the sex slave's sexual health, because if she were to get pregnant or get and STI, she is easily and cheaply replaceable.

Reporter: Yoav Kargon
Recorder: Ben Baitman
Class Period: 5
Central Question: How do inherent societal gender roles affect modern slavery?
-The group began by answering the question "What impacts do Jeffersonian gender roles relating to slavery have on today's society" to which the answer was: they generally do not. The next topic discussed was how inherent societal gender roles affect modern slavery. The discussion focused on how many jobs that slaves have related to stereotypical male and female roles - many male slaves do agricultural work while there are many more female slaves in manufacturing and prostitution. In some ways, the prostitution of enslaved women can be considered the most extreme form of female objectification. The next topic the group discussed was the change over time in regards to investment put into slaves. Female slaves are no longer considered a large investment for the "production" of more slaves, as now it is cheaper to buy slaves than to rear slave children from birth.